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Voltage transducer for fault monitoring on high voltage overhead lines

Hussin, Mohd Fahmi 2014. Voltage transducer for fault monitoring on high voltage overhead lines. PhD Thesis, Cardiff University.
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Overhead lines are the backbone of electrical power transmission. In most cases, the overhead line provides the best economic and practical solution for energy transmission. Nevertheless, overhead lines suffer more faults due to the vulnerability of the overhead lines to adverse weather condition, transient overvoltage and falling trees. An extensive literature review of existing condition monitoring and impulse a voltage measurement technique of overhead lines are covered in this work, and ultimately leads to the development of the proposed voltage transducer. Although conventional transducers such as voltage transformers and voltage dividers are widely used for monitoring and voltage measurement, yet they have several drawbacks in terms of their size and cost. These are the key factors that limit their widespread deployment for monitoring and measuring voltage on overhead lines and, in particular, rural areas. The proposed transducer is based on a non-contact capacitive voltage probe developed at Cardiff University. However, the proposed transducer uses a high voltage conductor rather than the ground as a measurement reference. The proposed transducer is based on a cylindrical-shaped in order to avoid sharp edges, which can initiate a partial discharge effect. Commercial numerical field computation software packages are used to assist in the development of the proposed transducer for simulation of the electric field distributions around the HV conductor and the transducer. The computed electric field magnitudes obtained on the sensing probe surface are then used for calibration of the proposed transducer. The proposed transducer is developed using low cost materials and tested in a laboratory environment with a low amplitude impulse supply using a surge generator and the corresponding output voltage amplitude obtained from the transducer was validated against a low ac voltage supply using variable output voltage source. The effects of variation in the input voltage, the integrating capacitor inserted between the HV conductor and the sensing probe and height of the transducer above ground on the output voltage amplitude are also investigated. The developed transducer is subsequently tested in field experiments using test overhead lines with low and high voltage supplies. Only a single-phase measurement setup was used in this test as there is only one voltage transducer fabricated in this work. Therefore, each phase of the overhead line was tested individually. Results obtained from the laboratory and field experiments have demonstrated the suitability of the developed transducer for measuring both ac and impulse voltages, which would be useful for fault monitoring on the high voltage overhead lines. However, the computed results obtained from the simulation demonstrated the presence of end-effects at the transducer sensing probe edges. Therefore, an improved design was proposed in this work by introducing a floating electrode between the sensing probe and the guard electrode, with the aim to reduce the fringing effects by preventing the sensing probe from sensing unwanted electric field. The physical development of this improved transducer design is yet to be initiated, and is thus proposed for future work.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Status: Unpublished
Schools: Engineering
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Voltage transducer; Fault monitoring; High Voltage; Overhead lines; Cylindrical shaped transducer; Numerical method analysis.
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 30 March 2016
Last Modified: 27 Oct 2017 09:45

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