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Nitric oxide/cGMP signalling mediates the cardioprotective action of adrenomedullin in reperfused myocardium

Hamid, Shabaz A., Totzeck, Matthias, Drexhage, Christina, Thompson, Iain, Fowkes, Robert C., Rassaf, Tienush and Baxter, Gary Francis 2010. Nitric oxide/cGMP signalling mediates the cardioprotective action of adrenomedullin in reperfused myocardium. Basic Research in Cardiology 105 (2) , pp. 257-266. 10.1007/s00395-009-0058-7

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We demonstrated previously that adrenomedullin (AM), when given during early reperfusion, limited infarct size in rat heart. The present study was undertaken to provide direct evidence of the NO-dependency of AM’s cardioprotective action by assessing NO biosynthesis and involvement of the soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC) pathway. Perfused hearts from male CD-1 mice were subjected to 30-min left coronary occlusion and 60-min reperfusion. Infarct size was determined by tetrazolium staining. AM 10 nM was administered from 20 min after coronary occlusion until 10 min after reperfusion. Coronary effluent was analysed for NO2 − and NO3 −, and myocardial samples were analysed for NO2 −, NO3 −, nitroso-adducts and cGMP concentration. To examine the role of NO/sGC signalling in the infarct-limiting action of AM, further hearts received the sGC inhibitor ODQ 2 μM. AM treatment stimulated NO synthesis, indicated by increased NO2 − efflux in coronary effluent throughout reperfusion (summarised as area under curve, AM 29.2 ± 3.9 vs. control 14.4 ± 2.8 μmol min2 mL−1, P < 0.05). AM limited infarct size (35.4 ± 2.7 vs. 12.2 ± 2.3%, P < 0.01), associated with a 2.45-fold increase (P < 0.05) in myocardial cGMP concentration at 10 min after reperfusion. ODQ abolished the infarct size-limiting effect of AM (28.9 ± 4.3%). These data provide the first evidence that AM increases NO bioavailability in intact murine myocardium and confirm that the NO/sGC/cGMP pathway is central to the cytoprotective action of AM against ischaemia–reperfusion injury.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Pharmacy
Subjects: R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
Publisher: Springer Verlag
ISSN: 0300-8428
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 01:57

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