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Traffic noise and cardiovascular risk: the Caerphilly and Speedwell studies, second phase. Risk estimation, prevalence, and incidence of ischemic heart disease

Babisch, W., Ising, H., Elwood, Peter Creighton, Sharp, D. S. and Bainton, D. 1993. Traffic noise and cardiovascular risk: the Caerphilly and Speedwell studies, second phase. Risk estimation, prevalence, and incidence of ischemic heart disease. Archives of Environmental Health 48 (6) , pp. 406-413. 10.1080/00039896.1993.10545962

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Abstract

As part of the Caerphilly and the Speedwell collaborative heart disease studies, associations between outdoor traffic noise level, risk factors for ischemic heart disease, and prevalence and incidence of ischemic heart disease were studied in two samples of 2,512 and 2,348 men, respectively, who were 45-63 y of age. Compared with the lowest noise category [Leq,6-22 h = 51-55 dB(A)], the subjects in the highest noise category [Leq,6-22 = 66-70 dB(A)] showed a slightly worse risk factor profile with respect to 9 identified endogenous risk factors. Logistic regression analysis suggested a marginal increase in risk (relative risk = 1.1) for ischemic heart disease incidence for these men based on risk factors. The prevalence of ischemic heart disease was slightly higher (relative risk = 1.2) in this noise group. The observed incidence of major ischemic heart disease within an observation period of approximately 4 y was slightly lower (relative risk = 0.8) for men in the highest noise group.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RZ Other systems of medicine
Publisher: Heldref Publications
ISSN: 0003-9896
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 06:47
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/64808

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