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Factors affecting bone density in young adults

Fehily, A. M., Coles, R. J., Evans, W. D. and Elwood, Peter Creighton 1992. Factors affecting bone density in young adults. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 56 (3) , pp. 379-586.

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Abstract

A 14-y follow-up of 58 1 children who took part in a randomized controlled trial of the effect of a milk supplement on growth of children was conducted to investigate the supplement’s effect on adult bone mineral content (BMC) and density (BMD). BMC and BMD of the nondominant forearm were measured by singlephotonabsorptiometry in 37 1 subjects (64%) aged 20-23 y, at a proximal site (shaft ofradius and ulna) and at a distal site near the wrist. BMCs and BMDS tended to be higher in the intervention group (NS). Crosssectionally,BMD was positively associated with body weight (P < 0.01) in both sexes; inversely associated with alcohol consumption (P < 005),and positively with manual occupation (NS) in men; positively associated with current intakes of calcium (P < 0.05), vitaminD (P < 0.01), and sports activity during adolescence (P < 0.01). and inversely with parity (NS) in women. In multiple linearregression analysis body weight and sports activity during adolescence were stronger determinants of female BMD than was diet.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RZ Other systems of medicine
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bone density, osteoporosis, diet, calcium,physical activity.
Publisher: American Society for Nutrition
ISSN: 0002-9165
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 06:47
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/64797

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