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Retrieval of leaf area index from MODIS surface reflectance by model inversion using different minimization criteria

Leonenko, Ganna M., Los, S. O. and North, P. R. J. 2013. Retrieval of leaf area index from MODIS surface reflectance by model inversion using different minimization criteria. Remote Sensing of Environment 139 , pp. 257-270. 10.1016/j.rse.2013.07.012

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Abstract

Leaf area index (LAI) is one of the key parameters for the calculation of the energy budget, photosynthesis, and the interception of precipitation in land-surface models at local to global scales. Estimation of LAI from satellite data is a challenging and difficult problem. Studies over the past decades have focused predominantly on the improvement of forward modeling of the radiative transfer problem and on the application of more realistic numerical inversion schemes. Little or no attention has been paid to alternatives for the least squares method as a statistical distance measure or cost function, used to minimize the distance between observations and model predictions. The least-squares method has properties that assume noise with a Gaussian distribution and zero mean, an assumption often violated when LAI is estimated from satellite reflectance data. Here, we test the use of alternative statistical distance measures or cost functions to estimate LAI. We combine a look-up table (LUT)-inversion method based on the FLIGHT radiative transfer model and test how well it estimates LAI from MODIS reflectance data for a large set of alternative cost functions. We consider three classes of statistical distance measures or cost functions: information divergence measures, M-estimates, and minimum contrast methods. We estimate LAI from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS) surface reflectance product (MOD09GA) for 11 VALERI and BigFoot sites around the globe. These sites consist of a wide range of tree-cover types that include conifer, broadleaf and mixed (conifer, broadleaf, grassland) forest sites. We develop LUTs with FLIGHT for conifer and broadleaf forests and we show that improvements can be obtained for the estimation of LAI by choosing a cost function appropriate for a particular problem. Results show error reductions of 20% compared with the MODIS LAI retrieval (MOD15A2).

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Mathematics
Medicine
MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cost function; Statistical distance; LAI; Look-up table inversion; Biophysical parameter estimation; MODIS.
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0034-4257
Last Modified: 05 Jun 2017 04:39
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/64168

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