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Novel bacterial membrane surface display system using cell wall-less L-forms of Proteus mirabilis and Escherichia coli

Hoischen, C., Fritsche, C., Gumpert, J., Westermann, M., Gura, K. and Fahnert, Beatrix 2002. Novel bacterial membrane surface display system using cell wall-less L-forms of Proteus mirabilis and Escherichia coli. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 68 (2) , pp. 525-531. 10.1128/AEM.68.2.525-531.2002

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Abstract

We describe a novel membrane surface display system that allows the anchoring of foreign proteins in the cytoplasmic membrane (CM) of stable, cell wall-less L-form cells of Escherichia coli and Proteus mirabilis. The reporter protein, staphylokinase (Sak), was fused to transmembrane domains of integral membrane proteins from E. coli (lactose permease LacY, preprotein translocase SecY) and P. mirabilis (curved cell morphology protein CcmA). Both L-form strains overexpressed fusion proteins in amounts of 1 to 100 μg ml−1, with higher expression for those with homologous anchor motifs. Various experimental approaches, e.g., cell fractionation, Percoll gradient purification, and solubilization of the CM, demonstrated that the fusion proteins are tightly bound to the CM and do not form aggregates. Trypsin digestion, as well as electron microscopy of immunogold-labeled replicas, confirmed that the protein was localized on the outside surface. The displayed Sak showed functional activity, indicating correct folding. This membrane surface display system features endotoxin-poor organisms and can provide a novel platform for numerous applications.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Publisher: American Society for Microbiology
ISSN: 0099-2240
Last Modified: 12 Jun 2019 02:25
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/64146

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