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Opportunity and the promotion of activity among adults with severe intellectual disability living in community residences: the impact of training staff in active support

Jones, E., Perry, Jonathan, Lowe, K., Felce, David John, Toogood, S., Dunstan, Frank David John, Allen, David G. and Pagler, J. 1999. Opportunity and the promotion of activity among adults with severe intellectual disability living in community residences: the impact of training staff in active support. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research 43 (3) , pp. 164-178. 10.1046/j.1365-2788.1999.00177.x

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Abstract

Active support, a package of procedures which includes activity planning, support planning and training on providing effective assistance, was introduced in five community residences serving 19 adults with severe intellectual disability following a multiple baseline design. The residents were directly observed to ascertain the level of assistance they received from staff and their engagement in activity. The introduction of active support increased the levels of assistance residents received, their engagement in domestic activities and their total engagement in activity. The intervention did not affect the level of social engagement. Across individuals, increases in assistance and engagement in activity were significantly and positively correlated. Both were significantly inversely related to resident adaptive behaviour. At baseline, staff gave more attention and assistance to people who were behaviourally more able. After the introduction of active support, receipt of attention was unrelated to adaptive behaviour and the behaviourally less able received more assistance. The disparity in activity between the more and less able was reduced. Gains were maintained in the majority of houses.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RZ Other systems of medicine
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing
ISSN: 0964-2633
Last Modified: 17 Apr 2019 21:06
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/63759

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