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Evidence of mass failure in the Hess Deep Rift from multi-resolutional bathymetry data

Ferrini, Vicki Lynn, Shillington, Donna J., Gillis, Kathryn, MacLeod, Christopher, Teagle, Damon A.H., Morris, Antony, Cazenave, Pierre W., Hurst, Stephen and Tominaga, Masako 2013. Evidence of mass failure in the Hess Deep Rift from multi-resolutional bathymetry data. Marine Geology 339 , pp. 13-21. 10.1016/j.margeo.2013.03.006

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Abstract

New regional swath and near-bottom bathymetric data provide constraints on shallow structures at the Hess Deep Rift, an oceanic rift that exposes the crust and upper mantle of fast-spreading oceanic lithosphere created at the East Pacific Rise. These data reveal the presence of a lobate structure with a length of ~ 4 km and a width of ~ 6 km south of an Intrarift Ridge, north of Hess Deep. The lobe consists of a series of concentric benches that are widest in the center of the lobe and narrower at the edges, with a dominant bench separating two distinct morphologic regions in the lobe. There are two end-member possible interpretations of this feature: 1) the lobate structure represents a mass failure with little translation that contains coherent blocks that preserve rift-related lineaments; or 2) it represents degraded tectonic structures, and the lobate form is accounted for by, for example, two intersecting faults. We favor the slump interpretation because it more readily accounts for the lobate form of the feature and the curved benches and based on the presence of other similar lobes in this region. In the slump model, secondary structures within the benches may indicate radial spreading during or after failure. The large lobate structure we identify south of the Intrarift Ridge in Hess Deep is one of the first features of its kind identified in an oceanic rift, and illustrates that mass failure may be a significant process in these settings, consistent with the recognition of their importance in mid-ocean ridges, oceanic islands, and continental rifts. Understanding the structure of the Hess Deep Rift is also important for reconstructing the section of fast-spreading oceanic crust exposed here.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Earth and Ocean Sciences
Subjects: Q Science > QE Geology
Uncontrolled Keywords: Hess Deep; Bathymetry; Mass failure.
Additional Information: Pdf uploaded in accordance with the publisher’s policy at http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/issn/0025-3227/ (accessed 20/08/2014)
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0025-3227
Funders: NERC
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 30 March 2016
Date of Acceptance: 26 March 2013
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 04:13
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/63398

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