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The impact of the overactive bladder on health-related utility and quality of life

Currie, Craig John, McEwan, Philip Christopher, Poole, Christopher David, Odeyemi, Isaac A. O., Datta, Shibendra N. and Morgan, Christopher L. 2006. The impact of the overactive bladder on health-related utility and quality of life. BJU International 97 (6) , pp. 1267-1272. 10.1111/j.1464-410X.2006.06141.x

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OBJECTIVE. To evaluate the impact of the overactive bladder (OAB) on quality of life and health-related utility. PATIENTS AND METHODS. In a study conducted in Cardiff and Vale NHS Trust, patients were identified from an academic urology unit inpatient database for admissions and sent a postal survey. The survey pack comprised questionnaires on demography, urological functioning, health utility (EQ5Dindex), and health-related quality of life (Short Form-36, SF36). Respondents were classified according to general urinary status, frequency, urgency, and stress incontinence. RESULTS. Of 2193 surveys dispatched, 609 (27.8%) were returned; of these patients, 52% had incontinence, of whom 83% had both frequency and urgency, and 60% stress incontinence. Patients with stress incontinence reported a mean (sd) EQ5Dindex of 0.578 (0.331), compared to 0.714 (0.281) for all other patients (P < 0.001). From the SF36, respondents scored lowest in the role physical domain and highest in the mental domain, with mean scores of 33.8 and 72.1, respectively. Multivariate analysis of SF36 and EQ5Dindex scores, controlling for age, gender and body mass index, showed that incontinence was associated with a notable reduction in the EQ5Dindex and SF36 scores across all domains. CONCLUSION. This study showed a significant reduction in quality of life for all patient groups with OAB; in particular, stress incontinence had the greatest impact.

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Schools: Mathematics
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Uncontrolled Keywords: incontinence; overactive bladder; quality of life; urinary problems; utility
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 1464-4096
Last Modified: 17 Feb 2018 05:19

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