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Effects of isopod population density on woodland decomposer microbial community function

A'Bear, Andrew Donald, Boddy, Lynne, Kandeler, Ellen, Ruess, Liliane and Jones, Thomas Hefin 2014. Effects of isopod population density on woodland decomposer microbial community function. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 77 , pp. 112-120. 10.1016/j.soilbio.2014.05.031

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Abstract

Trophic interactions between heterotrophic soil microbes and grazing soil invertebrates influence decomposer community composition and function. Cord-forming basidiomycete fungi are primary agents of woody litter decomposition in temperate forests. In laboratory experiments, grazing by woodlice (Isopoda) is an important factor limiting the biomass and functioning (decomposition and extracellular enzyme production) of cord-forming fungi, but its significance in the field has hitherto not been studied. Field populations of the woodlouse, Oniscus asellus, were manipulated (‘reduced’ [zero] or standardised at ‘current’ [28 m−2] or ‘double’ [56 m−2] density) in delimited plots inoculated with different fungi (un-inoculated, Hypholoma fasciculare or Phanerochaete velutina) and the effects on the microbial decomposer community assessed after 6 and 12 months. Oniscus asellus population density was reduced after 12 months in comparison to the standardised numbers at start. Significant differences between population densities remained, but varied between fungal inoculation treatments. Fatty acid analysis revealed O. asellus as a true generalist; markers for plants, fungi and bacteria were consistently abundant in storage lipids. Seasonal effects on microbial biomass and function were strong. Although woodlouse population density neither affected fungal biomass nor microbial community composition (ergosterol and soil phospholipid fatty acids), it influenced enzyme activities, depending on the inoculated fungus. Woodlice significantly reduced leucine aminopeptidase and lignin-degrading peroxidase activities, only in un-inoculated plots. In contrast, the highest woodlouse population density increased beech (Fagus sylvatica) wood decomposition and leucine aminopeptidase activity in P. velutina-inoculated plots. Increased enzyme activity and decomposition is likely a stress response, reflecting increased production of specific enzymes to provide the energy for mycelial repair and growth responses to grazing. Effects of grazing on fungal biomass and activity will be strongest at microsites of woodlouse aggregation and where forest floor woodlouse population densities are high.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0038-0717
Date of Acceptance: 28 May 2014
Last Modified: 19 Feb 2019 15:53
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/62885

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