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Equalization of doubly selective channels using iterative and recursive methods

Ahmed, Sajid. 2005. Equalization of doubly selective channels using iterative and recursive methods. PhD Thesis, Cardiff University.

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Abstract

Novel iterative and recursive schemes for the equalization of time-varying frequency selective channels are proposed. Such doubly selective channels are shown to be common place in mobile communication systems, for example in second generation systems based on time division multiple access (TDMA) and so-called beyond third generation systems most probably utilizing orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM). A new maximum likelihood approach for the estimation of the complex multipath gains (MGs) and the real Doppler spreads (DSs) of a parametrically modelled doubly selective single input single output (SISO) channel is derived. Considerable complexity reduction is achieved by exploiting the statistical properties of the training sequence in a TDMA system. The Cramer-Rao lower bound for the resulting estimator is derived and simulation studies are employed to confirm the statistical efficiency of the scheme. A similar estimation scheme is derived for the MGs and DSs in the context of a multiple input multiple output (MIMO) TDMA system. A computationally efficient recursive equalization scheme for both a SISO and MIMO TDMA system which exploits the estimated MGs and DSs is derived on the basis of repeated application of the matrix inversion lemma. Bit error rate (BER) simulations confirm the advantage of this scheme over equalizers which have limited knowledge of such parameters. For OFDM transmission over a general random doubly selective SISO channel, the time selectivity is mitigated with an innovative relatively low complexity iterative method. Equalization is in effect split into two stages: one which exploits the sparsity in the associated channel convolution matrix and a second which performs a posteriori detection of the frequency domain symbols. These two procedures interact in an iterative manner, exchanging information between the time and frequency domains. Simulation studies show that the performance of the scheme approaches the matched filter bound when interleaving is also introduced to aid in decorrelation. Finally, to overcome the peak to average power problem in conventional OFDM transmission, the iterative approach is extended for single carrier with cyclic prefix (SCCP) systems. The resulting scheme has particularly low complexity and is shown by simulation to have robust performance.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Status: Unpublished
Schools: Engineering
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
ISBN: 9781303201622
Funders: Ministry of Science and Technology, Cardiff School of Engineering
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 30 March 2016
Last Modified: 09 Jan 2018 17:41
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/56000

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