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The role of bone morphogenetic proteins and their signalling in human cancers

Bokobza, Sivan 2010. The role of bone morphogenetic proteins and their signalling in human cancers. PhD Thesis, Cardiff University.

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Abstract

Both endogenous and exogenous GDF-9 led to a promotion in prostate cancer cell adhesion, invasion, motility, and growth. GDF-9 mediated growth promotion was shown to correlate with an increase in cell cycle progression via up-regulation of Cyclin D1, and protection from apoptosis in a Smad-independent manner. Furthermore, GDF-9 associated cell adhesion, motility, and invasion was shown to involve FAK, paxillin, and Rho-ROCK signalling, as well as EMT and its associated inducers. These effects promote the aggressiveness of PC-3 cells, aiding in their progression and possibly metastasis. These results suggest that GDF-9 is involved in prostate cancer progression by activation of a complex network of signalling pathways and molecules. This provides further proof of the importance of BMP signalling, and suggests that perhaps novel treatments for prostate cancer based on BMPs should be investigated. In addition, it sheds some light on the use of BMPs as prognostic indicators of disease, aiding in diagnosis, and perhaps future forms of treatment

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Status: Unpublished
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer)
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 30 March 2016
Last Modified: 09 Jan 2018 21:30
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/55464

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