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ERP source tracking and localization from single trial EEG MEG signals

Mohseni, Hamid R. 2010. ERP source tracking and localization from single trial EEG MEG signals. PhD Thesis, Cardiff University.

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Abstract

Electroencephalography (EEG) and magnetoencephalography (MEG), which are two of a number of neuroimaging techniques, are scalp recordings of the electrical activity of the brain. EEG and MEG (E/MEG) have excellent temporal resolution, they are easy to acquire, and have a wide range of applications in science, medicine and engineering. These valuable signals, however, suffer from poor spatial resolution and in many cases from very low signal to noise ratios. In this study, new computational methods for analyzing and improving the quality of E/MEG signals are presented. We mainly focus on single trial event-related potential (ERP) estimation and E/MEG dipole source localization. Several methods basically based on particle filtering (PF) are proposed. First, a method using PF for single trial estimation of ERP signals is considered. In this method, the wavelet coefficients of each ERP are assumed to be a Markovian process and do not change extensively across trials. The wavelet coefficients are then estimated recursively using PF. The results both for simulations and real data are compared with those of the well known Kalman Filtering (KF) approach. In the next method we move from single trial estimation to source localization of E/MEG signals. The beamforming (BF) approach for dipole source localization is generalized based on prior information about the noise. BF is in fact a spatial filter that minimizes the power of all the signals at the output of the filter except those that come from the locations of interest. In the proposed method, using two more constraints than in the classical BF formulation, the output noise powers are minimized and the interference activities are stopped.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Status: Unpublished
ISBN: 9781303215247
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 30 March 2016
Last Modified: 19 Mar 2016 23:31
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/54898

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