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Lumped element Kinetic Inductance Detectors

Doyle, Simon 2008. Lumped element Kinetic Inductance Detectors. PhD Thesis, Cardiff University.

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Abstract

Kinetic Inductance Detectors (KIDs) provide a promising solution to the problem of producing large format arrays of ultra sensitive detectors for astronomy. Traditionally KIDs have been constructed from superconducting quarter-wavelength or half- wavelength resonator elements capacitively coupled to a coplanar feed line. Photons are detected by measuring the change in quasi-particle density caused by the splitting of Cooper pairs in the superconducting resonant element. This change in quasi-particle density alters the kinetic inductance, and hence the resonant frequency of the resonant element. This arrangement requires the quasi-particles generated by photon absorption to be concentrated at positions of high current density in the resonator. This is usually achieved through antenna coupling or quasi-particle trapping. For these detectors to work at wavelengths shorter than around 500 /zra where antenna coupling can introduce a significant loss of efficiency, a direct absorption method needs to be considered. One solution to this problem is the Lumped Element KID (LEKID), which shows no current variation along its length and can be arranged into a photon absorbing area coupled to free space and therefore requiring no antennas or quasi-particle trapping. The work throughout this thesis studies the properties of the LEKID device though simulation and experimental data and lays the foundation for developing an optimised detector using this direct absorption approach.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Status: Unpublished
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
ISBN: 9781303213311
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 30 March 2016
Last Modified: 10 Jan 2018 01:01
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/54728

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