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Brain signal analysis in space-time-frequency domain: an application to brain computer interfacing

Nazarpour, Kianoush 2008. Brain signal analysis in space-time-frequency domain: an application to brain computer interfacing. PhD Thesis, Cardiff University.

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Abstract

In this dissertation, advanced methods for electroencephalogram (EEG) signal analysis in the space-time-frequency (STF) domain with applications to eye-blink (EB) artifact removal and brain computer interfacing (BCI) are developed. The two methods for EB artifact removal from EEGs are presented which respectively include the estimated spatial signatures of the EB artifacts into the signal extraction and the robust beamforming frameworks. In the developed signal extraction algorithm, the EB artifacts are extracted as uncorrelated signals from EEGs. The algorithm utilizes the spatial signatures of the EB artifacts as priori knowledge in the signal extraction stage. The spatial distributions are identified using the STF model of EEGs. In the robust beamforming approach, first a novel space-time-frequency/time-segment (STF-TS) model for EEGs is introduced. The estimated spatial signatures of the EBs are then taken into account in order to restore the artifact contaminated EEG measurements. Both algorithms are evaluated by using the simulated and real EEGs and shown to produce comparable results to that of conventional approaches. Finally, an effective paradigm for BCI is introduced. In this approach prior physiological knowledge of spectrally band limited steady-state movement related potentials is exploited. The results consolidate the method.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Status: Unpublished
Schools: Engineering
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
ISBN: 9781303213205
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 30 March 2016
Last Modified: 12 Feb 2016 23:12
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/54718

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