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Regulatory mechanisms of the plant G2 M transition

Gronlund, Anne Lentz 2007. Regulatory mechanisms of the plant G2 M transition. PhD Thesis, Cardiff University.

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The cell cycle is the life of a cell from one mitotic division to the next. In yeast and animals the transition from G2 to mitosis is regulated by the Weel kinases and Cdc25 phosphatases. Phosphoregulation of G2/M is also maintained by 14-3-3 proteins, which function in a wide range of additional processes including signal transduction and stress responses. The scope of this thesis was to investigate how the plant G2/M checkpoint functions and how features of the yeast and animal G2/M model apply to the plant model. A better knowledge of the mechanisms that regulate AtCDC25 and AtWEEl activities was achieved by identifying interaction partners for the two proteins. Both proteins interact with proteins involved in protein biosynthesis, cell division and plant stress responses leading to many hypotheses about the localization, regulation and function of both AtCDC25 and AtWEEl. Moreover, AtWEEl interacts with proteins involved in ubiquitin-mediated degradation, which might be the mechanism regulating WEE1 protein levels (Chapter 4). Additionally, AtWEEl interacts with 14-3-3 proteins and its interaction with 14-3-3 was confirmed in vivo in plant cells (Chapter 5). Furthermore, greater insights into the role of WEE 1 in cell cycle regulation and plant development were obtained by investigation of the biochemistry of <italic>N. tabacum</italic> WEE1 during the cell cycle of synchronized <italic>N. tabacum</italic> BY-2 cells showing that both WEE1 protein level and kinase activity are sensitive indicators for the timing of mitosis (Chapter 6). Moreover, <italic>A. thaliana </italic> weel T-DNA insertion lines were characterized Under standard growth conditions the T-DNA insertions in the WEE1 gene only mildly affect the plant root development. However, exposure to hydroxyurea results in a hypersensitivity response leading to a reduced primary root length and decreased rate of lateral root production linking AtWEEl with both stress responses and plant development (Chapter 7).

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Status: Unpublished
Schools: Biosciences
Subjects: Q Science > QK Botany
Q Science > QR Microbiology
ISBN: 9781303209918
Funders: Cardiff University, University of Worcester
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 30 March 2016
Last Modified: 12 Feb 2016 23:12

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