Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Warm ocean processes and carbon cycling in the Eocene

John, Eleanor H., Pearson, Paul Nicholas, Coxall, Helen Kathrine, Birch, Heather, Wade, Bridget S. and Foster, Gavin L. 2013. Warm ocean processes and carbon cycling in the Eocene. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences 371 (2001) , 20130099. 10.1098/rsta.2013.0099

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

Sea surface and subsurface temperatures over large parts of the ocean during the Eocene epoch (55.5–33.7 Ma) exceeded modern values by several degrees, which must have affected a number of oceanic processes. Here, we focus on the effect of elevated water column temperatures on the efficiency of the biological pump, particularly in relation to carbon and nutrient cycling. We use stable isotope values from exceptionally well-preserved planktonic foraminiferal calcite from Tanzania and Mexico to reconstruct vertical carbon isotope gradients in the upper water column, exploiting the fact that individual species lived and calcified at different depths. The oxygen isotope ratios of different species' tests are used to estimate the temperature of calcification, which we converted to absolute depths using Eocene temperature profiles generated by general circulation models. This approach, along with potential pitfalls, is illustrated using data from modern core-top assemblages from the same area. Our results indicate that, during the Early and Middle Eocene, carbon isotope gradients were steeper (and larger) through the upper thermocline than in the modern ocean. This is consistent with a shallower average depth of organic matter remineralization and supports previously proposed hypotheses that invoke high metabolic rates in a warm Eocene ocean, leading to more efficient recycling of organic matter and reduced burial rates of organic carbon.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Earth and Ocean Sciences
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GC Oceanography
Uncontrolled Keywords: Eocene; planktonic foraminifera; biological pump; stable isotopes; carbon cycling temperature
Publisher: The Royal Society
ISSN: 1364-503X
Funders: NERC
Last Modified: 18 Dec 2017 11:33
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/52623

Citation Data

Cited 7 times in Google Scholar. View in Google Scholar

Cited 44 times in Scopus. View in Scopus. Powered By Scopus® Data

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item