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Motivational interviewing in medical care settings: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Lundahl, Brad, Moleni, Teena, Burke, Brian L., Butters, Robert, Tollefson, Derrik, Butler, Christopher Collette and Rollnick, Stephen 2013. Motivational interviewing in medical care settings: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Patient Education and Counseling 93 (2) , pp. 157-168. 10.1016/j.pec.2013.07.012

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Objective. Motivational Interviewing (MI) is a method for encouraging people to make behavioral changes to improve health outcomes. We used systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate MI's efficacy in medical care settings. Methods. Database searches located randomized clinical trials that compared MI to comparison conditions and isolated the unique effect of MI within medical care settings. Results. Forty-eight studies (9618 participants) were included. The overall effect showed a statistically significant, modest advantage for MI: Odd ratio = 1.55 (CI: 1.40–1.71), z = 8.67, p < .001. MI showed particular promise in areas such as HIV viral load, dental outcomes, death rate, body weight, alcohol and tobacco use, sedentary behavior, self-monitoring, confidence in change, and approach to treatment. MI was not particularly effective with eating disorder or self-care behaviors or some medical outcomes such as heart rate. Conclusion. MI was robust across moderators such as delivery location and patient characteristics, and appears efficacious when delivered in brief consultations. Practice implications. The emerging evidence for MI in medical care settings suggests it provides a moderate advantage over comparison interventions and could be used for a wide range of behavioral issues in health care.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Systems Immunity Research Institute (SIURI)
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Motivational interviewing; Systematic review; Meta-analysis; Health care; Medicine; Medical Behavior; Behavior; Counseling; Consultation
Additional Information: Online publication date: 1 August 2013.
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0738-3991
Last Modified: 30 Jun 2017 03:14

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