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The magmatic, metamorphic and tectonic evolution of the Northern Marginal Zone of the Limpopo Belt in Zimbabwe

Rollinson, H. and Blenkinsop, Thomas G. 1995. The magmatic, metamorphic and tectonic evolution of the Northern Marginal Zone of the Limpopo Belt in Zimbabwe. Journal of the Geological Society 152 (1) , pp. 65-75. 10.1144/gsjgs.152.1.0065

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The Northern Marginal Zone of the Limpopo Belt in southern Africa comprises a Plutonic Assemblage of granitoids including a distinctive suite of porphyroclastic granites. and a much less abundant Supracrustal Assemblage of metabasites and iron formations. These rocks are at granulite facies above a normal thickness of continental crust. Most of the Plutonic Assemblage are intrusive rocks that crystallized from dry melts from 2800 to 2600 Ma, with a relatively simple thermal history. They may have been derived from partial melting of a mafic source. Some supracrustal rocks have experienced two thermal events at granulite facies. A reverse-sense shear zone forms the boundary of the Northern Marginal Zone with the Zimbabwe craton. The southern boundary is the Triangle shear zone, which is proven as a continuous structure along a much greater strike length than previously documented. A widespread sub-vertical foliation in the Northern Marginal Zone and the reverse shear zone formed during progressive NNW-SSE shortening. Crustal thickening occurred both magmatically and tectonically in the late Archaean, and was accompanied by synchronous uplift. Protracted magmatism provides a mechanism to incorporate supracrustal rocks into the lower crust, and can explain the occurrence of more than a single thermal event.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Earth and Ocean Sciences
Subjects: Q Science > QE Geology
Uncontrolled Keywords: Archaean; granulites; Limpopo Belt; Zimbabwe
Publisher: Geological Society of London
ISSN: 0016-7649
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 05:19

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