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Social capital and diversity: Evaluating the determinants of eEquality in the American states

Hawes, Daniel, Rocha, Rene and Meier, Kenneth John 2005. Social capital and diversity: Evaluating the determinants of eEquality in the American states. Presented at: American Political Science Association Annual Meeting, Washington, DC, USA, 01 - 04 September 2005.

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Abstract

The past five years have seen the development of two major theories regarding racial equality within the American states. Putnam (2000) argues that social capital is positively related to civic and economic equality. Alternatively, Hero (1999, 2003) maintains social capital is negatively related to racial equality, and that social diversity is a prime determinate of state policy outputs and outcomes. Both Putman and Hero have been heavily influenced by Elazar (1966), whose classification of states based upon political culture tends to closely mirror those of both scholars. The degree of similarity between the classifications of states produced by each of these theories has made it difficult for scholars to parse out the individual effects that each has on various measures of equality in the American states. This paper utilizes a panel dataset to test each of these hypotheses simultaneously, in order to determine which explanations (culture, capitol, or diversity) best account for levels civic and racial equality. Hero's argument is dynamic, in that diversity changes over time with the racial/ethnic composition of a state. Meanwhile, Elazar's culture argument is relatively static. Similarly, Putnam treats his state-level social capital index as unchanging, even if overall levels of social capital are declining. Time-series panel data are employed to simultaneously test these hypotheses. These panel data - aggregated at the state-level - measure state diversity, social capital, and equality from 1986 to 2000 and are used to test the validity of the competing explanations of equality and state policy outcomes.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Date Type: Completion
Status: Unpublished
Schools: Business (Including Economics)
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
J Political Science > JA Political science (General)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Social Capital; Diversity; Equality; Equity.
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Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 05:11
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/49450

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