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Measurements of anisotropy in the cosmic microwave background radiation at 0.5 deg angular scales near the star gamma ursae minoris

Devlin, M. J., Clapp, A. C., Gundersen, J. O., Hagmann, C. A., Hristov, V. V., Lange, A. E., Lim, M. A., Lubin, P. M., Mauskopf, Philip Daniel, Meinhold, P. R., Richards, P. L., Smoot, G. F., Tanaka, S. T., Timbie, P. T. and Wuensche, C. A. 1994. Measurements of anisotropy in the cosmic microwave background radiation at 0.5 deg angular scales near the star gamma ursae minoris. Astrophysical Journal Letters 430 (1) , L1-L4. 10.1086/187423

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Abstract

We present results from a four-frequency observation of a 6 deg x 0.6 deg strip of the sky centered near the star Gamma Ursae Minoris (GUM) during the fourth flight of the Millimeter-wave Anistropy experiment(MAX). The observation was made with a 1.4 deg peak-to-peak sinusoidal chop in all bands. The FWHM beam sizes were 0.55 deg +/- 0.05 deg at 3.5 per cm and 0.75 deg +/- 0.05 deg at 6, 9, and 14 per cm. During this observation significant correlated structure was observed at 3.5, 6 and 9 per cm with amplitudes similar to those observed in the GUM region during the second and third fligts of MAX. The frequency spectrum is consistent with cosmic microwave background (CMB) and inconsistent with thermal emission from interstellar dust. The extrapolated amplitudes of synchrotron and free-free emission are too small to account for the amplitude of the observed structure, If all of the structure is attributed to CMB anisotropy with a Gaussian autocorrelation function and a coherence angle of 25 min, then the most probable values of delta T/TCMB in the 3.5, 6 and 9 per cm bads are (4.3 +2.7/-1.6) x 10-5, 2.8 (+4.3/-1/1) x 10-5, and 3.5 (+3.0/-1.6) x 10-5 (95% confidence upper and lower limits), respectively.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Publisher: IOP Science
ISSN: 0004-637X
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 05:05
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/48222

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