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Detection and recognition of emotional expressions: Effects of traits of personality disorder and gender

Snowden, Robert Jefferson, Craig, Rebecca L. and Gray, Nicola Susan 2013. Detection and recognition of emotional expressions: Effects of traits of personality disorder and gender. Personality and Individual Differences 54 (2) , pp. 158-163. 10.1016/j.paid.2012.08.007

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Abstract

A problem in the processing of emotions has long been thought to be strongly associated with the aetiology and maintenance of personality disorders. Previous research has demonstrated a hyposensitivity to the faces expressing fear in those high on the traits of psychopathy, while patients with BPD have been shown to be hypersensitive to expressions in general. However, many previous studies could be explained by a bias in reporting particular expressions rather than a change in sensitivity to these expressions. Using two tasks, the present study examined both the detection and the recognition of four emotional expressions (anger, happy, sad, and fear) in a community sample of males and females. Measures of self-reported psychopathy and Borderline Personality traits were administered. The results showed marked gender differences. Psychopathy was negatively related to performance in both the detection and recognition of fear, but only for males. Borderline Personality traits were positively related to overall performance in the recognitions task, but only for females. The results suggest strong differences in the role that emotional processing might play between the genders.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Uncontrolled Keywords: Facial expressions; Psychopathy; Borderline Personality Disorder
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0191-8869
Last Modified: 10 Oct 2017 15:07
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/47915

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