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A randomized trial to assess the biological activity of short-term (pre-surgical) fulvestrant 500 mg plus anastrozole versus fulvestrant 500 mg alone or anastrozole alone on primary breast cancer

Robertson, John F. R., Dixon, J. Michael, Sibbering, D. Mark, Jahan, Ali, Ellis, Ian O., Channon, Eddie, Hyman-Taylor, Pauline, Nicholson, Robert Ian and Gee, Julia Margaret Wendy 2013. A randomized trial to assess the biological activity of short-term (pre-surgical) fulvestrant 500 mg plus anastrozole versus fulvestrant 500 mg alone or anastrozole alone on primary breast cancer. Breast Cancer Research 15 (2) , R18. 10.1186/bcr3393

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Abstract

Introduction: Fulvestrant shows dose-dependent biological activity. Greater estrogen-receptor (ER) blockade may feasibly be achieved by combining fulvestrant with anastrozole. This pre-surgical study compared fulvestrant plus anastrozole versus either agent alone in patients with ER-positive breast cancer. Methods: In this double-blind, multicenter trial, 121 patients received: fulvestrant 500 mg on day 1 plus anastrozole 1 mg/day for 14-21 days (F+A); fulvestrant plus anastrozole placebo (F); or fulvestrant placebo plus anastrozole (A), 2-3 weeks before surgery. ER, progesterone-receptor (PgR), and Ki67 expression were determined from tumor biopsies before treatment and at surgery. Results: 103 paired samples were available (F, n = 35; F+A, n = 31; A, n = 37). All treatments significantly reduced mean ER expression from baseline (F: 41%, P = 0.0001; F+A: 39%, P = 0.0001; A: 13%, P = 0.0034). F and F+A led to greater reductions in ER versus A (both P = 0.0001); F+A did not lead to additional reductions versus F. PgR and Ki67 expression were significantly reduced with all treatments (means were 34% to 45%, and 75% to 85%, respectively; all P = 0.0001), with no differences between groups. Conclusions: In this short-term study, all treatments reduced ER expression, although F and F+A showed greater reductions than A. No significant differences were detected between the treatment groups in terms of PgR and Ki67 expression. No additional reduction in tumor biomarkers with combination treatment was observed, suggesting that F+A is unlikely to have further clinical benefit over F alone. Trial registration: Clinicaltrials.gov NCT00259090.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Pharmacy
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer)
R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
Publisher: BioMed Central
ISSN: 1465-5411
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 30 March 2016
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 04:49
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/45403

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