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Shear zone deformation determined from sigmoidal tension gashes

Lisle, Richard John 2013. Shear zone deformation determined from sigmoidal tension gashes. Journal of Structural Geology 50 , pp. 35-43. 10.1016/j.jsg.2012.08.002

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The potential of using sigmoidal tension gashes as strain markers for assessing strain localisation in shear zones is discussed. The appropriate analytical methods for this purpose depend on the assumed mechanism of tension gash formation. Two such models are considered. The first is one in which the curvature of the gash is produced by passive rotation of different segments of the gash in response shear strain gradients across the shear zone. The other model is one in which the curvature of the gashes is governed by the folding of the competent rock bridges between adjacent gashes. In the latter case, the tension gashes progressively grow within spaces created by the buckling bridges and therefore lead to a bulk dilatation of the shear zone. However, for the folded bridge mechanism to continue to operate beyond shear strains greater than unity requires a significant volume loss which in turn may signal the increase of the shear strength of the zone. The geometrical characteristics of gash arrays resulting from these two mechanisms are described and criteria given for the recognition of the two types of gash arrays. A new graphical method is proposed for the analysis of deformation in shear zones containing folded-bridge tension gashes. Tension gash arrays from Marloes, West Wales are used as examples of the procedures for shear zone analysis.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Earth and Ocean Sciences
Subjects: Q Science > QE Geology
Uncontrolled Keywords: Shear zone; Strain; Folding; Mineralization; Dilatation
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0191-8141
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 04:46

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