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Disruption of proofreading by irrelevant speech: Effects of attention, arousal or memory?

Jones, Dylan Marc, Miles, Christopher and Page, Jean 1990. Disruption of proofreading by irrelevant speech: Effects of attention, arousal or memory? Applied Cognitive Psychology 4 (2) , pp. 89-108. 10.1002/acp.2350040203

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Abstract

A series of five experiments examined the effects of irrelevant speech on proofreading and memory. Four of the experiments used a proofreading task and showed that the deleterious effects of irrelevant speech: (1) depend on the speech being meaningful, (2) are only present when the burden on short-term memory is low and (3) are manifested in a lower detection rate for non-contextual as opposed to contextual errors. Neither the spatial location of the speech (either in terms of spatial dispersion of sources or spatial movement of a single source) nor the intensity of the speech (in a range bounded by 50 dB(A) and 70 dB(A)) had any effect on proofreading. Late selection models of attention are favoured by the results in preference to models having arousal, short-term memory or early selection in attention as their basis. A final experiment showed serial recall for visual lists to be impaired by the presence of any speech-like sound (including reversed speech and speech in an unfamiliar language) which suggests a set of phenomena qualitatively different from those associated with proofreading. Throughout the article the practical consequences of the findings are emphasized.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISSN: 0888-4080
Last Modified: 24 Jun 2017 09:59
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/44357

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