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Thyroglobulin antibodies in serum of patients with differentiated thyroid cancer: relationship between epitope specificities and thyroglobulin recovery

Okosieme, Onyebuchi E., Evans, Carol, Moss, Laura, Parkes, Arthur Burnham, Premawardhana, Lakdassa D. K. E. and Lazarus, John Henry 2005. Thyroglobulin antibodies in serum of patients with differentiated thyroid cancer: relationship between epitope specificities and thyroglobulin recovery. Clinical Chemistry 51 (4) , pp. 729-34. 10.1373/clinchem.2004.044511

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Abstract

Background: Serum antibodies against thyroglobulin (TgAbs) are common in patients with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) and can interfere in thyroglobulin (Tg) assays. We identified the epitopes on Tg recognized by TgAb-positive sera from patients with DTC and examined the association between epitope specificity patterns and Tg recovery. Methods: We tested 50 DTC sera for Tg epitope specificity, TgAbs, and Tg recovery. Epitope recognition was determined by use of a panel of 10 well-characterized Tg monoclonal antibodies directed against 6 Tg antigenic clusters (I–VI) in competitive reactions with test sera. Tg was measured by the Thyroglobuline IRMA (CIS bio international). Recovery of added Tg (TgREC) was determined by an in-house assay. Results: Epitope recognition was restricted to immunodominant clusters in 58% of patients, whereas the rest were either broadly heterogeneous (16%) or nonreactive (26%). Median Tg recovery did not differ between sera with restricted and unrestricted specificities (69% vs 80%; P >0.05). TgREC was inversely correlated with the total number of epitopes recognized by sera (r = –0.66; P <0.001). Conclusions: TgAbs with both restricted and broad specificities are present in patients with DTC. TgAb interference is related to the number of epitopes recognized by sera rather than the pattern of epitope recognition.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer)
ISSN: 1530-8561
Last Modified: 30 Jun 2017 01:31
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/421

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