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Evidence for Megalake Chad, north-central Africa, during the late Quaternary from satellite data

Leblanc, Marc J., Leduc, Christian, Stagnitti, Frank, van Oevelen, Peter J., Jones, Christopher Bernard, Mofor, Linus A., Razack, Moumtaz and Favreau, Guillaume 2006. Evidence for Megalake Chad, north-central Africa, during the late Quaternary from satellite data. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 230 (3-4) , pp. 230-242. 10.1016/j.palaeo.2005.07.016

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Abstract

The existence of a very large Lake Chad during the late Quaternary, Megalake Chad, has long been questioned. A Megalake Chad would present strong evidence for climatic fluctuations of great magnitude during the Holocene in tropical Africa. In this paper we used satellite data from Landsat and Modis sensors to collect and analyse new information on landforms in a 2 000 000 km2 region of the Lake Chad Basin. We detected 2300 km of remains marking the ancient shoreline of Megalake Chad. The satellite data also indicated many Saharan rivers and relict deltas leading to the long paleoshoreline. Large dunefield flattenings were observed and interpreted as the result of wave-cut erosion by the paleolake. Similarities were noticed between the landforms observed along the paleoshoreline of Megalake Chad and that of the former Aral Sea. This finding has significant consequences for reconstructing paleohydrology and paleoenvironments through the Lake Chad basin, and continental climate change.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Computer Science & Informatics
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Uncontrolled Keywords: Lake Chad; Paleohydrology; Remote sensing; Geomorphology; Climate change; Ancient shoreline
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0031-0182
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 04:37
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/41760

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