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Head and neck response to axial impacts

Alem, N. M., Nusholtz, G. S. and Melvin, J. W. 1984. Head and neck response to axial impacts. Presented at: Twenty-eighth Stapp Car Crash Conference, Chicago, USA, 6-7 November 1984. Twenty-eighth Stapp Car Crash Conference Proceedings. Warrendale, PA: Society of Automotive Engineers, pp. 275-288.

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Abstract

Two series of impacts to the head in the superior-inferior direction using 19 unembalmed cadavers are reported. The first series of five tests was aimed at generating kinematic and dynamic response to sub-injurious impacts for the purpose of defining the mechanical characteristics of the undamaged head-neck-spine system in the S-I direction. The second series of fourteen tests was intended to define injury tolerance levels for a selected subject configuration. A 10-kg impactor was used to deliver the impact to the crown at a nominal velocity of 8 m/s for the first series, and between 7 and 11 m/s for the second series. Measurements made include the impact velocity, force, and energy, the head three-dimensional kinematics, forces and moments at the occipital condyles, and accelerations of the T1, T6, and T12 vertebrae.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Subjects: T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics
Publisher: Society of Automotive Engineers
ISBN: 0898837111
Last Modified: 22 Feb 2013 04:57
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/40166

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