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Measurement of serum antigen concentration by ultrasound-enhanced immunoassay and correlation with clinical outcome in meningococcal disease

Sobanski, Michael, Barnes, Rosemary Ann, Gray, S. J., Carr, A. D., Kaczmarski, E. B., O'Rourke, A., Murphy, K., Cafferkey, M., Ellis, R. W., Pidcock, K., Hawtin, P. and Coakley, William T. 2000. Measurement of serum antigen concentration by ultrasound-enhanced immunoassay and correlation with clinical outcome in meningococcal disease. European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases 19 (4) , pp. 260-266. 10.1007/s100960050473

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Abstract

The distribution of Neisseria meningitidis serogroup B and C polysaccharide antigen in blood and the prognostic significance of antigen concentration was examined by ultrasound-enhanced immunoagglutination of coated microparticles. Specimens (169 sera/plasma from 145 patients with confirmed meningococcal disease) were tested retrospectively. The ultrasonic immunoassay detected serum antigen in 136 samples from 112 patients. Titration of antigen-positive specimens allowed estimation of blood antigen concentration. The modal blood antigen titre was 1/16, corresponding to an estimated polysaccharide concentration of 0.85 microg/ml. The lowest mean blood antigen concentration found ultrasonically was 0.05 microg/ml; compared to the 1.98 microg/ml found by conventional latex agglutination, this represents an approximately 30-fold improvement in sensitivity. Three grades of outcome were correlated with the presenting antigen titre in 83 patients: (i) <2 weeks hospitalisation, (ii) > or =2 weeks hospitalisation and (iii) mortality. High polysaccharide concentrations correlated with mortality. Nine of 15 patients with a serum antigen titre of 1/64 or greater (> or =3.4 microg/ml polysaccharide) died, whereas no patient with titres equal to or less than 1/4 (< or = 0.21 microg/ml) died, including those patients in whom antigen was undetectable by ultrasonic immunoassay. Increasing antigen concentration significantly correlated with severity of outcome (P<0.001). Ultrasound-enhanced agglutination provides a rapid prognostic indicator by sensitive measurement of serum antigen level.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
Publisher: Springer Verlag
ISSN: 0934-9723
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 04:27
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/39487

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