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Autosomal dominant reticuloendothelial iron overload associated with a 3-base pair deletion in the ferroportin 1 gene (SLC11A3)

Devalia, Vinod, Carter, Kymberley, Walker, Ann P., Perkins, Stephen J., Worwood, Mark, May, Alison and Dooley, James S. 2002. Autosomal dominant reticuloendothelial iron overload associated with a 3-base pair deletion in the ferroportin 1 gene (SLC11A3). Blood 100 (2) , pp. 695-697. 10.1182/blood-2001-11-0132

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Abstract

We describe a family with autosomal dominant inheritance of increased body iron stores characterized by raised serum ferritin concentration and normal transferrin saturation. Liver biopsy showed iron deposition in Kupffer cells without fibrosis. The clinical features of HFE-related hemochromatosis were absent, as were the Cys282Tyr and His63Asp mutations. Venesection therapy was poorly tolerated, suggesting a defect in iron release from reticuloendothelial stores. A 3-base pair deletion in exon 5 of the ferroportin 1 gene (SLC11A3) predicting Val162 deletion was found in affected members, but not in unaffected individuals or in 100 control subjects. Consensus structural predictions of the transmembrane helices showed that the deletion is in the extracellular loop between the third and fourth predicted transmembrane helices and lies within a spatial cluster of other known ferroportin 1 mutations. These results indicate that this extracellular cluster is functionally important for iron transport, and its disruption leads to iron overload.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Publisher: American Society of Hematology
ISSN: 0006-4971
Last Modified: 04 May 2016 01:31
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/385

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