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Reuse of aluminum-based water treatment sludge to immobilize a wide range of phosphorus contamination: Equilibrium study with different isotherm models

Zhao, Y. Q., Razali, M., Babatunde, Akintunde, Yang, Y. and Bruen, M. 2007. Reuse of aluminum-based water treatment sludge to immobilize a wide range of phosphorus contamination: Equilibrium study with different isotherm models. Separation Science and Technology 42 (12) , pp. 2705-2721. 10.1080/01496390701511531

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Abstract

The adsorption equilibrium of a wide range of phosphorus species by an aluminum‐based water treatment sludge (Al‐WTS) was examined in this study. Four kinds of adsorption‐isotherm models, namely Langmuir, Freundlich, Temkin, and Dubinin‐Radushkevich, were used to fit the adsorption equilibrium data. In order to optimize the adsorption‐isotherm model, correlation coefficient (R2) and four error functions were employed to facilitate the evaluation of fitting accuracy. Experiments have demonstrated that the Al‐WTS may be an excellent raw material to adsorb P in a polluted aqueous environment with adsorption ability in the order of KH2PO4 (ortho‐P)>Na(PO3)6 (poly‐P)>C10H14N5O7P · H2O (organic‐P). More importantly, this study provides an entire comparison of the four isotherms in describing the P adsorption behavior. By considering both the standard least‐square based R2 and the results of four error functions analysis, this study reveals that the Freundlich isotherm appears to be the best model to fit the experimental equilibrium data. Langmuir and Temkin isotherms are also good models in current experimental conditions while the Dubinin‐Radushkevich isotherm poorly described the adsorption behavior. The error analysis in this study provides vital evidence to reflect its role in facilitating the optimization in the adsorption isotherm study. Obviously, R2 seems inadequate in optimizing multi‐isotherm models due to its inherent bias resulting from the least‐squares linearization.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
Uncontrolled Keywords: Adsorption; aluminum; disposal; drinking water treatment sludge; phosphorus removal; reuse; wastewater treatment
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISSN: 0149-6395
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 04:23
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/37886

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