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Performance evaluation and prediction for a pilot two-stage on-site constructed wetland system employing dewatered alum sludge as main substrate

Babatunde, Akintunde, Zhao, Y. Q., Doyle, R. J., Rackard, S. M., Kumar, J. L. G. and Hu, Y. S. 2011. Performance evaluation and prediction for a pilot two-stage on-site constructed wetland system employing dewatered alum sludge as main substrate. Bioresource Technology 102 (10) , pp. 5645-5652. 10.1016/j.biortech.2011.02.065

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Abstract

Dewatered alum sludge, a widely generated by-product of drinking water treatment plants using aluminium salts as coagulants was used as main substrate in a pilot on-site constructed wetland system treating agricultural wastewater for 11 months. Treatment performance was evaluated and spreadsheet analysis was used to establish correlations between water quality variables. Results showed that removal rates (in g/m2 d) of 4.6–249.2 for 5 day biochemical oxygen demand (BOD5), 35.6–502.0 for chemical oxygen demand (COD), 2.5–14.3 for total phosphorus (TP) and 2.7–14.6 for phosphate (PO4single bondP) were achieved. Multiple regression analysis showed that effluent BOD5 and COD can be predicted to a reasonable accuracy (R2 = 0.665 and 0.588, respectively) by using input variables which can be easily monitored in real time as sole predictor variables. This could provide a rapid and cheap alternative to such laborious and time consuming analyses and also serve as management tools for day-to-day process control.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
Uncontrolled Keywords: Alum sludge; Constructed wetland; Phosphorus; Water treatment residual; Multiple regression analysis
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0960-8524
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 04:19
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/36772

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