Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Photosensitive Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome is not caused by a single gene mutation: analysis of the gene encoding 7-dehydrocholesterol reductase in five U.K. families

Anstey, Alexander Vincent, Azurdia, R.M., Rhodes, L.E., Pearse, Anthony David and Bowden, Paul Edward 2005. Photosensitive Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome is not caused by a single gene mutation: analysis of the gene encoding 7-dehydrocholesterol reductase in five U.K. families. British Journal of Dermatology 153 (4) , pp. 774-9. 10.1111/j.1365-2133.2005.06761.x

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

Background Smith–Lemli–Opitz syndrome (SLOS) is an autosomal recessive malformation syndrome characterized by a disorder in cholesterol metabolism. SLOS is caused by mutations in the DHCR7 gene which encodes 7-dehydrocholesterol reductase, an enzyme that catalyses the final step in cholesterol biosynthesis. We have previously established the clinical and photobiological features of the photosensitivity that is frequently a feature of SLOS. Objectives In this study, we have performed mutational analysis of the DHCR7 gene in individuals from five families with SLOS. In each family, one member was affected by severe photosensitivity as a manifestation of SLOS. Methods Fifteen samples (including family controls) were screened using polymerase chain reaction amplification and direct automated sequencing. Results Six different DHCR7 mutations were identified of which five were single point mutations that caused missense amino acid substitutions (P51H, T93M, L99P, E448K and R450L). The other was a splice site mutation (G?C in splice acceptor site) affecting the intron 8–exon 9 splice junction (IVS8-1 G?C). This splice site mutation and four of the five missense mutations have been previously published as causal in SLOS but the P51H is a novel mutation which has not previously been reported. Conclusions This is the first study in which DHCR7 gene mutational analysis has been performed on SLOS subjects with severe photosensitivity and indicates that no single mutation is responsible for the photosensitivity which characterizes this disorder.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Uncontrolled Keywords: 7-dehydrocholesterol reductase ; DHCR7 ; gene mutation ; photosensitivity ; Smith–Lemli–Opitz syndrome
ISSN: 13652133
Last Modified: 12 Jun 2019 02:22
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/367

Citation Data

Cited 6 times in Google Scholar. View in Google Scholar

Cited 6 times in Scopus. View in Scopus. Powered By Scopus® Data

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item