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'Where' depends on 'what': A differential functional anatomy for position discrimination in one- versus two-dimensions

Fink, G. R., Marshall, J. C., Weiss, P. H., Shah, N. J., Toni, I., Halligan, Peter and Zilles, K. 2000. 'Where' depends on 'what': A differential functional anatomy for position discrimination in one- versus two-dimensions. Neuropsychologia 38 (13) , pp. 1741-1748. 10.1016/S0028-3932(00)00078-6

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Line bisection is widely used as a clinical test of spatial cognition in patients with left visuospatial neglect after right hemisphere lesion. Surprisingly, many neglect patients who show severe impairment on marking the center of horizontal lines can accurately mark the center of squares. That these patients with left neglect are also typically poor at judging whether lines are correctly prebisected implies that the deficit can be perceptual rather than motoric. These findings suggest adifferential neural basis for one- and two-dimensional visual positiondiscrimination that we investigated with functional neuroimaging (fMRI). Normal subjects judged whether, in premarked lines or squares, the mark was placed centrally. Line center judgements differentially activated right parietal cortex, while square center judgements differentially activated the lingual gyrus bilaterally. These distinct neural bases for one- and two-dimensional visuospatial judgements help explain the observed clinical dissociations by showing that as a stimulus becomes a better, more ‘object-like’ gestalt, the ventral visuoperceptive route assumes more responsibility for assessing position within the object.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Uncontrolled Keywords: Visuospatial; Neuroimaging; Judgement; Landmark task
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0028-3932
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 04:14

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