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Revisiting [PtCl2(cis-1,4-DACH)]: an underestimated antitumor drug with potential application to the treatment of oxaliplatin-refractory colorectal cancer

Margiotta, Nicola, Marzano, Cristina, Gandin, Valentina, Osella, Domenico, Ravera, Mauro, Gabano, Elisabetta, Platts, James Alexis, Petruzzella, Emanuele, Hoeschele, James D. and Natile, Giovanni 2012. Revisiting [PtCl2(cis-1,4-DACH)]: an underestimated antitumor drug with potential application to the treatment of oxaliplatin-refractory colorectal cancer. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 55 (16) , pp. 7182-7192. 10.1021/jm3006838

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Abstract

Although the encouraging antitumor activity of [PtCl2(cis-1,4-DACH)] (1; DACH = diaminocyclohexane) was shown in early studies almost 20 years ago, the compound has remained nearly neglected. In contrast, oxaliplatin, containing isomeric 1R,2R-DACH carrier ligand, enjoys worldwide clinic application as a most important therapeutic agent in the treatment of colorectal cancer. By extending the investigation to human chemo-resistant cancer cells, we have demonstrated the real effectiveness of 1 in circumventing cisplatin and oxaliplatin resistance in LoVo colon cancer cells. The uptake of compound 1 by the latter cells was similar to that of sensitive LoVo cells. This is not the case for all other compounds considered in this investigation. Interaction with ds-DNA, investigated by a biosensor assay and by QM/MM geometry optimization of the 1,2-GG intrastrand cross-link, does not show significant differences between 1 and oxaliplatin. However, the DNA adducts of 1 are removed from repair systems with lower efficiency and are more effective in inhibiting DNA and RNA polymerase.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Advanced Research Computing @ Cardiff (ARCCA)
Chemistry
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Publisher: American Chemical Society
ISSN: 0022-2623
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 04:13
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/34873

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