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The accuracy of self-monitoring and its relationship to self-focused attention in dysphoria and clinical depression

Dunn, Barnaby D., Dalgleish, Tim, Lawrence, Andrew David and Ogilvie, Alan D. 2007. The accuracy of self-monitoring and its relationship to self-focused attention in dysphoria and clinical depression. Journal of Abnormal Psychology 116 (1) , pp. 1-15. 10.1037/0021-843X.116.1.1

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Abstract

The accuracy with which dysphoric (Study 1) and clinically depressed (Study 2) individuals make self-regulatory judgments about their own performance in the absence of external feedback and the extent to which this relates to trait self-focused attention (SFA) were examined. Relative to objective criteria, both dysphoric and depressed participants showed a positive judgment bias, overestimating the number of trials they had performed correctly. Relative to control participants, the dysphoric and depressed groups showed a reduction in the extent of this positive bias in that they judged error trials more accurately and correct trials less accurately. Although the dysphoric and depressed groups both reported elevated trait SFA, this did not correlate significantly with accuracy of self-judgment on the performance-monitoring task. Implications for self-regulation models of depression are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Neuroscience and Mental Health Research Institute (NMHRI)
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Publisher: American Psychological Association
ISSN: 0021-843X
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 04:06
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/32931

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