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Speech perception from monaural and binaural information

Culling, John Francis, Edmonds, Barrie A. and Hodder, Kathryn I. 2006. Speech perception from monaural and binaural information. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America (JASA) 119 , pp. 559-565. 10.1121/1.2140806

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Abstract

Two experiments explored the concept of the binaural spectrogram [Culling and Colburn, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 107, 517-527 (2000)] and its relationship to monaurally derived information. In each experiment, speech was added to noise at an adverse signal-to-noise ratio in the NoS pi binaural configuration. The resulting monaural and binaural cues were analyzed within an array of spectro-temporal bins and then these cues were resynthesized by modulating the intensity and/or interaural correlation of freshly generated noise. Experiment 1 measured the intelligibility of the resynthesized stimuli and compared them with the original NoSo and NoS pi stimuli at a fixed signal-to-noise ratio. While NoS pi stimuli were approximately equal to 50% intelligible, each cue in isolation produced similar (very low) intelligibility to the NoSo condition. The resynthesized combination produced approximately equal to 25% intelligibility. Modulation of interaural correlation below 1.2 kHz and of amplitude above 1.2 kHz was not as effective as their combination across all frequencies. Experiment 2 measured three-point psychometric functions in which the signal-to-noise ratio of the original NoS pi stimulus was increased in 3-dB steps from the level used in experiment 1. Modulation of interaural correlation alone proved to have a flat psychometric function. The functions for NoS pi and for combined monaural and binaural cues appeared similar in slope, but shifted horizontally. The results indicate that for sentence materials, neither fluctuations in interaural correlation nor in monaural intensity are sufficient to support speech recognition at signal-to-noise ratios where 50% intelligibility is achieved in the NoS pi configuration; listeners appear to synergistically combine monaural and binaural information in this task, to some extent within the same frequency region.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RF Otorhinolaryngology
Publisher: Acoustical Society of America
ISSN: 0001-4966
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 30 March 2016
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 01:49
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/3274

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