Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Human osteoarthritis synovium contains an alternatively spliced transcript of ADAMTS4 [Abstract]

Wainwright, Shane Daniel, Bondeson, Jan, Hughes, Clare Elizabeth and Caterson, Bruce 2012. Human osteoarthritis synovium contains an alternatively spliced transcript of ADAMTS4 [Abstract]. Osteoarthritis and Cartilage 20 (S1) , S136. 10.1016/j.joca.2012.02.185

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

Purpose: The characterization of an alternatively spliced transcript of the ADAMTS4 aggrecanase. Methods: In human OA synovial cell cultures, RT-PCR was performed using oligonucleotide primers designed to amplify across the exon 8/9 region of human ADAMTS4. The PCR products were purified using a QIAquick purification kit (Qiagen) and sequenced using in house facilities. A pCEP4 (Invitrogen) mammalian expression vector containing ADAMTS4 plus a FLAG epitope was mutated using the QuikChange II site directed mutagenesis kit (Stratagene) to contain the ADAMTS4 splice variant plus a FLAG epitope. The recombinant proteins were purified from HEK293 transfected cells using Anti-FLAG M2 affinity gel (Sigma). Polyclonal antibodies were raised against synthetic peptides representing sequences within the C-terminal region of the splice variant of ADAMTS4 and the raised antibodies were characterized using the recombinant splice variant of ADAMTS4. The antibodies were used in immunohistochemical analysis of human osteoarthritic synovium. The proteolysis of aggrecan and other proteoglycans by the recombinant spice variant of ADAMTS4 was investigated. Results: The degradation of aggrecan is mainly mediated by the aggrecanases, of which ADAMTS4 (aggrecanase-1) and ADAMTS5 (aggrecanase-2) are the best known. We here characterize an alternative splice variant of ADAMTS4. RT-PCR performed as described above resulted in the amplification of normal ADAMTS4, and also a smaller product missing 161 base pairs from the 5’ end of exon 9, the result of alternative splicing in which exon 8 joins to a cryptic 3’ splice site within exon 9. The protein produced by this alternative splicing would lack the spacer domain and have a C-terminus lacking any homologies with the normal ADAMTS4 spacer domain. The alternatively spliced transcript of ADAMTS4 was found in cultured OA synovial cells and in freshly digested OA synovium, but not in human brain, cervix or lung, or in normal bovine synovium. The protein synthesized from this alternatively spliced transcript of ADAMTS4 would lose functions dependent on its spacer domain, like substrate and matrix binding, and inhibition through fibronectin. Removal of the spacer domain from ADAMTS4 has been reported to increase its ability to cleave aggrecan at the Glu373-Ala374 bond, and it may well be that the alternatively spliced transcript produces a protein that is secreted in a more active form. HEK293 cells transfected with a pCEP4 vector containing the cDNA sequence of the splice variant of ADAMTS4 produced the corresponding protein in both the pro and active form. This protein could be found in the media, but mostly associated with the cells, as confirmed using antibodies specific for the splice variant that were produced using synthetic peptides. Immunohistochemical analysis of osteoarthritic synovium using these antibodies showed staining of cells within the synovium. Proteins purified by immunoprecipitation by Anti-FLAG M2 affinity gel from transfected and untransfected HEK293 cells were analysed using the ANASpec SensoLyte 520 Aggrecanase I assay kit. The splice variant had aggrecanase activity comparable to a commercially available ADAMTS4. The splice variant cleaved aggrecan at the G1u373-A1a374 site, as assessed by the neoepitope monoclonal antibody BC3, with activity comparable to ADAMTS4. Conclusions: ADAMTS4 is regulated at multiple levels through control of gene expression, mRNA splicing and protein processing, as well as the expression of naturally occurring inhibitors. We here describe the characteristics of the first known splice variant of ADAMTS4. This alternative splice transcript of ADAMTS4 is expressed as a protein in vivo and can be found in the synovium. It can be speculated that the changes in the C-terminal domain of the protein resulting from this alternatively spliced transcript would have changes in its substrate specificity. The protein produced by the alternative spliced transcript of ADAMTS4 has aggrecanase activity, and the release of low levels of this fully active variant of ADAMTS4 might be a factor in the slow process of superficial zone aggrecan loss in osteoarthritis.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Additional Information: Abstracts of the 2012 World Congress on Osteoarthritis April 26 - 29, 2012 Barcelona, Spain
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 1063-4584
Last Modified: 10 Nov 2017 20:31
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/32562

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item