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Risk factors for recidivism in offenders with intellectual disabilities

Fitzgerald, Suzanne, Gray, Nicola Susan, Taylor, John and Snowden, Robert Jefferson 2011. Risk factors for recidivism in offenders with intellectual disabilities. Psychology, Crime & Law 17 (1) , pp. 43-58. 10.1080/10683160903392293

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The literature on risk factors for recidivism in offenders with intellectual disability (ID) is inconsistent and inconclusive compared to the field of mainstream criminality where the predictive efficacy of social psychological and criminological factors is well established (Gendreau, Little & Goggin, Criminology, 34, 575–607, 1996). Criminological variables have also been reported to have superior predictive efficacy over clinical variables in a large meta-analysis of recidivism in other mentally disordered offenders (Bonta, Law, & Hanson, Psychological Bulletin, 123, 123–142, 1998). The current study replicated this finding in a sample of offenders with ID (n=145) discharged from four independent sector medium secure units in the UK between 1990 and 2001. Over a two-year follow-up period criminal history variables were significantly related to general recidivism. A subsequent analysis found the Offender Group Re-conviction Scale, a criminogenic risk assessment instrument designed for use in general offenders, to have excellent predictive efficacy in offenders with ID.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare
Uncontrolled Keywords: intellectual disability, recidivism, criminal history risk factors, OGRS
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISSN: 1068-316X
Last Modified: 23 Oct 2017 12:37

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