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Emotional signals in nonverbal interaction: Dyadic facilitation and convergence in expressions, appraisals, and feelings

Bruder, Martin, Dosmukhambetova, Dina, Nerb, Josef and Manstead, Antony Stephen Reid 2012. Emotional signals in nonverbal interaction: Dyadic facilitation and convergence in expressions, appraisals, and feelings. Cognition & Emotion 26 (3) , pp. 480-502. 10.1080/02699931.2011.645280

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Abstract

We examined social facilitation and emotional convergence in amusement, sadness, and fear in dynamic interactions. Dyads of friends or strangers jointly watched emotion-eliciting films while they either could or could not communicate nonverbally. We assessed three components of each emotion (expressions, appraisals, and feelings), as well as attention to and social motives toward the co-participant. In Study 1, participants interacted through a mute videoconference. In Study 2, they sat next to each other and either were or were not separated by a partition. Results revealed that facilitation and convergence are not uniform across different emotions and emotion components. Particularly strong supporting patterns emerged for the facilitation of and convergence in smiling. When direct interaction was possible (Study 2), friends showed a general tendency for strong convergence, with the exception of fear-related appraisals. This suggests that underlying processes of emotional contagion and social appraisal are differentially relevant for different emotions.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Uncontrolled Keywords: Dyadic interaction ; Emotional convergence ; Emotional contagion ; Social appraisal ; Facial mimicry ; Interpersonal relationships
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISSN: 0269-9931
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 04:01
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/30956

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