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Auditory distraction in semantic memory: A process-based approach

Marsh, John E., Hughes, Robert Wyn and Jones, Dylan Marc 2008. Auditory distraction in semantic memory: A process-based approach. Journal of Memory and Language 58 (3) , pp. 682-700. 10.1016/j.jml.2007.05.002

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Abstract

Five experiments demonstrate auditory-semantic distraction in tests of memory for semantic category-exemplars. The effects of irrelevant sound on category-exemplar recall are shown to be functionally distinct from those found in the context of serial short-term memory by showing sensitivity to: The lexical-semantic, rather than acoustic, properties of sound (Experiment 1) and between-sequence semantic similarity (Experiments 1–5) but only under conditions in which the task is free, not serial, recall (Experiment 3) and when the irrelevant sound items are dominant members of a semantic category (Experiment 4). The experiments also reveal evidence of a breakdown of a source-monitoring process under conditions of between-sequence semantic similarity (Experiments 2–5). Results are discussed in terms of activation and inhibition accounts and support a dynamic, process-oriented, rather than a structurally based, account of forgetting.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Uncontrolled Keywords: Auditory distraction; Semantic interference; Interference-by-process; Selective attention; Inhibition, Source monitoring
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0749-596X
Last Modified: 08 Aug 2020 15:41
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/30718

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