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An evaluation of the completeness of reporting of childhood tuberculosis

Teo, S. S. S., Alfaham, Mazin, Evans, Meirion Rhys, Watson, J. M., Riordan, A., Sonnenberg, P., Clark, J., Hayward, A., Sharland, M., Moore-Gillon, J., Novelli, V., Quinn, D. and Shingadia, D. 2009. An evaluation of the completeness of reporting of childhood tuberculosis. European Respiratory Journal 34 (1) , pp. 176-179. 10.1183/09031936.00031808

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Abstract

The sensitivity of the Enhanced Tuberculosis Surveillance (ETS) scheme for monitoring tuberculosis in children is unknown. We used the British Paediatric Surveillance Unit (BPSU) reporting scheme to conduct a prospective observational study of tuberculosis in children aged <16 yrs in the UK. Reported cases were then matched with records from the ETS database. A total of 320 cases were reported to the BPSU between January and December 2004. We estimated that there were 557 paediatric cases in England, Wales and Northern Ireland in 2004: 222 (40%) cases reported to both BPSU and ETS, 98 (18%) reported to BPSU but not ETS and 237 (42%) reported to ETS but not BPSU. Children aged <5 yrs were significantly less likely to be reported to ETS compared with older children (p<0.01). There is substantial under-reporting of childhood tuberculosis, especially of children aged <5 yrs. ETS provides a representative picture of the demographics but may miss ∼20% of cases. This should be taken into account when planning training and resource requirements for tuberculosis. Increased efforts are needed to ensure that all paediatric cases are reported to ETS.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics > RJ101 Child Health. Child health services
Uncontrolled Keywords: child, disease notification, medical record linkage, population surveillance, tuberculosis
Publisher: European Respiratory Society
ISSN: 0903-1936
Last Modified: 21 Aug 2019 02:31
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/28458

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