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Cytosolic phospholipase A2 activation by candida albicans in alveolar macrophages: role of dectin-1

Parti, Rajinder P., Loper, Robyn, Brown, Gordon D., Gordon, Siamon, Taylor, Philip Russel, Bonventre, Joseph V., Murphy, Robert C., Williams, David L. and Leslie, Christina C. 2009. Cytosolic phospholipase A2 activation by candida albicans in alveolar macrophages: role of dectin-1. American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology 42 (4) , pp. 415-423. 10.1165/rcmb.2009-0110OC

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Abstract

Candida albicans is an increasingly important pulmonary fungal pathogen. Resident alveolar macrophages are important in host defense against opportunistic fungal infections. Activation of Group IVA cytosolic phospholipase A2α (cPLA2α) in macrophages initiates arachidonic acid (AA) release for production of eicosanoids, which regulate inflammation and immune responses. We investigated the ability of C. albicans to activate cPLA2α in unprimed alveolar macrophages and after priming with granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), which regulates alveolar macrophage maturation. AA was released within minutes by GM-CSF–primed but not unprimed alveolar macrophages in response to C. albicans, and was blocked by soluble glucan phosphate (S-GP). The expression of the β-glucan receptor dectin-1 was increased in GM-CSF–primed macrophages, and AA release from GM-CSF–primed dectin-1−/− alveolar macrophages was reduced to basal levels. The enhanced activation of extracellular signal–regulated kinases and phosphorylation of cPLA2α on Ser-505 that occurred in GM-CSF–primed macrophages were reduced by MEK1 and Syk inhibitors, which also suppressed AA release. At later times after C. albicans infection (6 h), unprimed and GM-CSF–primed macrophages released similar levels of AA. The expression of cyclooxygenase 2 and prostanoid production at 6 hours was higher in GM-CSF–primed macrophages, but the responses were not dependent on dectin-1. However, dectin-1 contributed to the C. albicans–stimulated increase in TNF-α production that occurred in GM-CSF–primed macrophages. The results demonstrate that dectin-1 mediates the acute activation of cPLA2α in GM-CSF–primed alveolar macrophages, but not in the more delayed phase of AA release and GM-CSF–dependent prostanoid production.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Systems Immunity Research Institute (SIURI)
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cytosolic phospholipase A2 ; Dectin-1 ; Alveolar macrophages ; Granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor ; Arachidonic acid
Publisher: American Thoracic Society
ISSN: 1044-1549
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 03:52
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/28427

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