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Quality of life and health-related utility analysis of adults with moderate and severe atopic dermatitis treated with tacrolimus ointment vs. topical corticosteroids

Poole, Christopher David, Chambers, C., Allsopp, R. and Currie, Craig John 2010. Quality of life and health-related utility analysis of adults with moderate and severe atopic dermatitis treated with tacrolimus ointment vs. topical corticosteroids. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology 24 (6) , pp. 674-678. 10.1111/j.1468-3083.2009.03485.x

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Background The purpose of this study was to measure change in quality of life (QoL) and estimate health-related utility in adults with moderate and severe atopic dermatitis (AD) following the use of either tacrolimus ointment or topical corticosteroids. Methods Data were analysed from a double-blind, randomized controlled trial comparing the treatment of adults with moderate and severe AD with either tacrolimus ointment or a standard corticosteroid regimen. Following randomisation, patients applied their medication twice-daily for 6 months. Monthly assessments determined response and QoL. Health-related utility (EQ5Dindex) was estimated by Monte Carlo simulation from SF-12 responses via a published mapping algorithm. Results At baseline, estimated utility data were available for 926 (95%) of the intention-to-treat patients, 57% of whom had AD of moderate severity (43% severe). The mean age at baseline was 32.5 years (SD ± 11.8), 46.2% were male, with a mean EQ5Dindex for moderate cases of 0.770 (SD ± 0.157), and 0.665 (SD ± 0.225) for those with severe disease (P < 0.001). Patients treated with tacrolimus ointment showed significantly greater improvement in all but one domain of the SF-36. At baseline, there was no difference in estimated utility between the two groups; however, a difference in utility in favour of tacrolimus ointment emerged after 1 month’s treatment (0.849 vs. 0.820; P = 0.004). Over the 6-month study period, the mean, marginal utility difference between the study arms was 0.032 U (utility) in favour of tacrolimus (P < 0.001). Conclusion Treatment with 0.1% tacrolimus ointment rather than a standard topical corticosteroid ointment regimen was associated with clinically significant, incremental improvement in QoL, sustained over a 6-month period. A within-trial cost-utility estimate based on study medication cost alone suggests that tacrolimus ointment is highly cost-effective given existing willingness-to-pay thresholds.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > RL Dermatology
Uncontrolled Keywords: atopic dermatitis, corticosteroids, EQ5D, health utility, mapping, quality of life, SF-12, SF-36, tacrolimus ointment
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing
ISSN: 0926-9959
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 03:48

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