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Impact of chronic kidney disease management in primary care

Meran, Soma, Don, K, Shah, Nilesh, Donovan, Kieron, Riley, Stephen George and Phillips, Aled Owain 2010. Impact of chronic kidney disease management in primary care. QJM 104 (1) , pp. 27-34. 10.1093/qjmed/hcq151

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Abstract

Background: The introduction of eGFR reporting and publication of national CKD guidelines has led to major challenges in primary and secondary care, leading to an increase in the number of referrals to nephrology clinics. We have shown that introduction of a renal patient care pathway reduces nephrology referrals and enables managed discharges of CKD patients to primary care. The aim of this article is to examine the outcome of patients discharged to primary care to find out if there is an associated risk with increased discharge supported by the patient pathway. Methods: The study was carried out within a single NHS Trust covering a population of 560 000. All patients discharged from the trust’s renal outpatient clinic between June 2007 and July 2008 were identified. Patient notes and the local laboratory database systems were used to determine the source and timing of tests. Results: A total of 31 new referrals and 57 regular follow-ups were discharged during this period. The median age of discharge was 67.5 years. Most subjects (60%) had CKD stage 3 at the time of discharge. A total of 23% of discharges were categorized as CKD stages 1, 2 or normal and 17% of patients had CKD stage 4. Overall, 93% had stable eGFRs prior to discharge, 77.5% of patients had blood pressure within threshold (140/90 according to UK CKD guidelines) and 97.7% of patients had haemoglobins >10 g/dl. Post-discharge 83% of patients had eGFRs recorded by their general practitioner and 92.6% of these were measured within appropriate time frames as per CKD guidelines. The majority of patients (82%) had either improved or stable eGFR post-discharge and only three patients had a significant decline in their eGFR. Conclusions: These data indicate that selected CKD patients can be appropriately discharged from secondary care and adequately monitored in primary care. Furthermore, we have shown that this was a safe practice for patients.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
R Medicine > RZ Other systems of medicine
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISSN: 1460-2725
Last Modified: 08 Oct 2018 21:20
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/26397

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