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Polypyrrole-palladium nanocomposite coating of micrometer-sized polymer particles toward a recyclable catalyst

Fujii, Syuji, Matsuzawa, Soichiro, Hamasaki, Hiroyuki, Nakamura, Yoshinobu, Bouleghlimat, Azzedine and Buurma, Niklaas Jan 2012. Polypyrrole-palladium nanocomposite coating of micrometer-sized polymer particles toward a recyclable catalyst. Langmuir 28 (5) , pp. 2436-2447. 10.1021/la204324f

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Abstract

A range of near-monodisperse, multimicrometer-sized polymer particles has been coated with ultrathin overlayers of polypyrrole-palladium (PPy-Pd) nanocomposite by chemical oxidative polymerization of pyrrole using PdCl(2) as an oxidant in aqueous media. Good control over the targeted PPy-Pd nanocomposite loading is achieved for 5.2 μm diameter polystyrene (PS) particles, and PS particles of up to 84 μm diameter can also be efficiently coated with the PPy-Pd nanocomposite. The seed polymer particles and resulting composite particles were extensively characterized with respect to particle size and size distribution, morphology, surface/bulk chemical compositions, and conductivity. Laser diffraction studies of dilute aqueous suspensions indicate that the polymer particles disperse stably before and after nanocoating with the PPy-Pd nanocomposite. The Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectrum of the PS particles coated with the PPy-Pd nanocomposite overlayer is dominated by the underlying particle, since this is the major component (>96% by mass). Thermogravimetric and elemental analysis indicated that PPy-Pd nanocomposite loadings were below 6 wt %. The conductivity of pressed pellets prepared with the nanocomposite-coated particles increased with a decrease of particle diameter because of higher PPy-Pd nanocomposite loading. "Flattened ball" morphologies were observed by scanning/transmission electron microscopy after extraction of the PS component from the composite particles, which confirmed a PS core and a PPy-Pd nanocomposite shell morphology. X-ray diffraction confirmed the production of elemental Pd and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy studies indicated the existence of elemental Pd on the surface of the composite particles. Transmission electron microscopy confirmed that nanometer-sized Pd particles were distributed in the shell. Near-monodisperse poly(methyl methacrylate) particles with diameters ranging between 10 and 19 μm have been also successfully coated with PPy-Pd nanocomposite, and stable aqueous dispersions were obtained. The nanocomposite particles functioned as an efficient catalyst for the aerobic oxidative homocoupling reaction of 4-carboxyphenylboronic acid in aqueous media for the formation of carbon-carbon bonds. The composite particles sediment in a short time (<several tens of minutes) by gravity alone and hence recycling of this catalyst is easy.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Chemistry
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Publisher: American Chemical Society
ISSN: 0743-7463
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 03:46
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/26350

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