Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Impaired sustained attention and executive dysfunction: bipolar disorder versus depression-specific markers of affective disorders

Maalouf, Fadi T., Klein, Crystal, Clark, Luke, Sahakian, Barbara J., LaBarbara, Edmund J., Versace, Amelia, Hassel, Stefanie, Almeida, Jorge R.C. and Phillips, Mary Louise 2010. Impaired sustained attention and executive dysfunction: bipolar disorder versus depression-specific markers of affective disorders. Neuropsychologia 48 (6) , pp. 1862-1668. 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2010.02.015

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

Methods We examined executive function, sustainedattention and short-term memory as neurocognitive domains in 18 participants with bipolardisorder in euthymic state (Beuth), 14 in depressed state (Bdep), 20 with unipolar depression (Udep) and 28 healthy control participants (HC). We conducted four-group comparisons followed by relevant post hoc analyses. Results Udep and Bdep, but not Beuth showed impairedexecutive function (p = 0.045 and p = 0.046, respectively). Both Bdep and Beuth, but not Udep, showed impairedsustainedattention (p = 0.001 and p = 0.045, respectively). The four groups did not differ significantly on short-term memory. Impairedsustainedattention and executive dysfunction were not associated with depression severity, duration of illness and age of illness onset. Only a small number of abnormal neurocognitive measures were associated with medication in Bdep and Beuth. Conclusion Impairedsustainedattention appears specific to bipolardisorder and present in both Beuth and Bdep; it may represent an objective marker of bipolardisorder. Executive dysfunction by contrast, appears to be present in Udep and Bdep and likely represents a marker of depression.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cognitive control; Executive function; Sustainedattention; Bipolardisorder; Depression; Neurocognition
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0028-3932
Last Modified: 19 Mar 2016 22:45
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/26323

Citation Data

Cited 80 times in Google Scholar. View in Google Scholar

Cited 64 times in Scopus. View in Scopus. Powered By Scopus® Data

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item