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Survival as a function of HbA1c in people with type 2 diabetes: a retrospective cohort study

Currie, Craig John, Peters, John Redmond, Tynan, Aodán, Evans, Marc, Heine, Robert J., Bracco, Oswaldo L., Zagar, Tony and Poole, Christopher David 2010. Survival as a function of HbA1c in people with type 2 diabetes: a retrospective cohort study. The Lancet 375 (9713) , pp. 481-489. 10.1016/S0140-6736(09)61969-3

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Abstract

Background Results of intervention studies in patients with type 2 diabetes have led to concerns about the safety of aiming for normal blood glucose concentrations. We assessed survival as a function of HbA1c in people with type 2 diabetes. Methods Two cohorts of patients aged 50 years and older with type 2 diabetes were generated from the UK General Practice Research Database from November 1986 to November 2008. We identifi ed 27 965 patients whose treatment had been intensifi ed from oral monotherapy to combination therapy with oral blood-glucose lowering agents, and 20 005 who had changed to regimens that included insulin. Those with diabetes secondary to other causes were excluded. All-cause mortality was the primary outcome. Age, sex, smoking status, cholesterol, cardiovascular risk, and general morbidity were identifi ed as important confounding factors, and Cox survival models were adjusted for these factors accordingly. Findings For combined cohorts, compared with the glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) decile with the lowest hazard (median HbA1c 7·5%, IQR 7·5–7·6%), the adjusted hazard ratio (HR) of all-cause mortality in the lowest HbA1c decile (6·4%, 6·1–6·6) was 1·52 (95% CI 1·32–1·76), and in the highest HbA1c decile (median 10·5%, IQR 10·1–11·2%) was 1·79 (95% CI 1·56–2·06). Results showed a general U-shaped association, with the lowest HR at an HbA1c of about 7·5%. HR for all-cause mortality in people given insulin-based regimens (2834 deaths) versus those given combination oral agents (2035) was 1·49 (95% CI 1·39–1·59). Interpretation Low and high mean HbA1c values were associated with increased all-cause mortality and cardiac events. If confirmed, diabetes guidelines might need revision to include a minimum HbA1c value.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0140-6736
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2020 22:40
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/25745

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