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Functional basis of protection against age-related macular degeneration conferred by a common polymorphism in complement factor B

Montes, Tamara, Tortajada, Agustin, Morgan, Bryan Paul, Rodriguez de Cordoba, Santiago and Harris, Claire Louise 2009. Functional basis of protection against age-related macular degeneration conferred by a common polymorphism in complement factor B. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 106 (11) , pp. 4366-4371. 10.1073/pnas.0812584106

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Abstract

Mutations and polymorphisms in complement genes have been linked with numerous rare and prevalent disorders, implicating dysregulation of complement in pathogenesis. The 3 common alleles of factor B (fB) encode Arg (fB32R), Gln (fB32Q), or Trp (fB32W) at position 32 in the Ba domain. The fB32Q allele is protective for age-related macular degeneration, the commonest cause of blindness in developed countries. Factor B variants were purified from plasma of homozygous individuals and were tested in hemolysis assays. The protective variant fB32Q had decreased activity compared with fB32R. Biacore comparison revealed markedly different proenzyme formation; fB32R bound C3b with 4-fold higher affinity, and formation of activated convertase was enhanced. Binding and functional differences were confirmed with recombinant fB32R and fB32Q; an intermediate affinity was revealed for fB32W. To confirm contribution of Ba to binding, affinity of Ba for C3b was determined. Ba-fB32R had 3-fold higher affinity compared with Ba-fB32Q. We demonstrate that the disease-protective effect of fB32Q is consequent on decreased potential to form convertase and amplify complement activation. Knowledge of the functional consequences of polymorphisms in complement activators and regulators will aid disease prediction and inform targeting of diagnostics and therapeutics.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Systems Immunity Research Institute (SIURI)
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH426 Genetics
R Medicine > RE Ophthalmology
Uncontrolled Keywords: alternative pathway; AMD
Publisher: National Academy of Sciences
ISSN: 0027-8424
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 03:42
URI: http://orca-mwe.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/25203

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