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Face emotion processing in depressed children and adolescents with and without comorbid conduct disorder

Schepman, Karen, Taylor, Eric, Collishaw, Stephan and Fombonne, Eric 2012. Face emotion processing in depressed children and adolescents with and without comorbid conduct disorder. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology 40 (4) , pp. 583-593. 10.1007/s10802-011-9587-2

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Studies of adults with depression point to characteristic neurocognitive deficits, including differences in processing facial expressions. Few studies have examined face processing in juvenile depression, or taken account of other comorbid disorders. Three groups were compared: depressed children and adolescents with conduct disorder (n = 23), depressed children and adolescents without conduct disorder (n = 29) and children and adolescents without disorder (n = 37). A novel face emotion processing experiment presented faces with ‘happy’, ‘sad’, ‘angry’, or ‘fearful’ expressions of varying emotional intensity using morphed stimuli. Those with depression showed no overall or specific deficits in facial expression recognition accuracy. Instead, they showed biases affecting processing of low-intensity expressions, more often perceiving these as sad. In contrast, non-depressed controls more often misperceived low intensity negative emotions as happy. There were no differences between depressed children and adolescents with and without conduct disorder, or between children with comorbid depression/conduct disorder and controls. Face emotion processing biases rather than deficits appear to distinguish depressed from non-depressed children and adolescents.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics > RJ101 Child Health. Child health services
Uncontrolled Keywords: depression, comorbidity, neurocognitive, face expressions, emotion processing
Publisher: Springer
ISSN: 0091-0627
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 03:35

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